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Back to home page. Right: Laser-cut paper leaves: attractive but impractical. Consistency of scale is always crucial for creating realistic-looking models. But with the varied, organic forms of vegetation, minor deviations from correct scale are much less apparent than with man-made objects. Nevertheless, try not to choose a product obviously intended for much larger scales than your models.
Series: Flames of War
Generally speaking, for 15mm vehicles, the smaller the leaves the better. Applying Leaf Foliage After choosing a style of leaf foliage suitable to the them of your army, use small scissors or a sharp hobby knife to cut the fibre backing, separating manageable clumps from the sheet. Try to pinch, stretch and trim them into realistic-looking bunches. Using tweezers can help. Left: Remember, vehicle crews tended to attach branches, not whole trees, so vary the size but try not to make them comically large. Branching Out You can create an even more natural effect by adding skeletal branch structures.
A variety of commercial products are available from your local hobby store or the Internet, including plastic model trees, photo-etched brass, and a kind of dried seaweed which closely resembles tree branches. For a cheap but laborious option, you can twist into appropriate shapes and paint it brown. Below: Some branch options: Plastic tree pieces, twisted wire, twigs and dried plant roots. Plenty of free options can be found in your garden, such as small pieces of twig, or even plant roots - with the dirt carefully cleaned away, of course.
Whatever you find, it must be fine enough to look reasonably scale-appropriate, but not too delicate to survive the rigours of gaming. Allow the stuff to dry thoroughly, and if it is still too soft, it can be stiffened with one or two thinned-down coats of varnish or PVA white glue.
This will help to strengthen your branches somewhat, but they will remain fairly fragile, so handle them carefully. Below: Glue leaf foliage to your branches, adding a small section at a time. If you can provide any further insight, please contact CollectAir.
Additionally, I'm certain that you will enjoy seeing some of the not-too-common recognition models made in England. The He shown below is an example of a British scale, Bakelite plastic ID, manufacturer unknown. An advertisement was carried in one of the postwar British magazines offering "60, R.
Recognition Models" for sale" and this model is from that particular group.
Pictured are six models with the entreat "Get them now - cannot repeat. The model has the aircraft type, He , in raised letters on the bottom of the fuselage - no other markings. It is solid with a heavy feel, has no details of canopy, control surfaces etc. The British have always been obsessed with "spotting", railway spotting coming immediately to mind. Aircraft spotting, as outlined in this article, occupied the civilian sector in the s more than the military and the civilian, para-military Observer Corps was a "clubby" and patriotic endeavour. Actual recognition training wasn't initiated until war clouds appeared and each branch of the service attempted some sort of training, though not co-ordinated nor effective, and the civilian program was sort of incorporated under military guidance but couldn't use classified material.
Commercial aviation magazines provided the largest impetus toward recognition methods, coming up with the best silhouette information and general specifications for European airplanes.
Dem Brudders Encounter The Model Haters
The following brief overview of British recognition training programs is culled from various British magazines, books and manuals of the WWII period and from the very excellent book, Identification Friend or Foe , by Tim Hamilton. This book was published in In it, Tim Hamilton covers the complete spectrum of British recognition efforts, civilian and military, from the beginnings in WWI through the end of WWII plus a brief comment on postwar efforts.
I doubt whether this book experienced many sales in the U. Winslow, published in see below for further discussion concerning this book. The British first experienced enemy aircraft overhead in December as the Isles were attacked by a German Taube monoplane. Aircraft drawings and silhouettes began to circulate as the military recognized the need to familiarize forces with the aircraft seen flying overhead in greater numbers, particularly their own. RFC Observer aircraft were equipped with machine guns in the spring of and aerial warfare was born.enter site
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The French produced the first recognition manual incorporating three-position silhouettes. In the early stages of WWI, pilots were to identify other airplanes they encountered by markings and paint schemes, an entirely unsatisfactory method of identification for many and obvious reasons. The British were shooting down French airplanes, proving that recognition training was necessary - at least the French thought so. By mid, the British issued a series of recognition manuals as Air Council Field Service publications.
These were the first British manuals devoted to recognizing aircraft. During the inter-war period, aviation hit a high point in the public's eye with record setting flights and milestones during the s but began a lull as the thirties approached. A Junior Air League section was formed by A.
Holladay, called the "Skybird League" in and the decision was made to market commercial solid-scale model kits of current model airplanes in scale. This was a civilian commercial endeavour, nevertheless it was the progenitor of the government recognition model program for the British and for the U. The British Observer Corps became more active by the mids, patriotic volunteers working for home defense by spotting airplane movements, sort of an "early warning" system. Recognition training was not requisite for the volunteers and the only information furnished was an Air Ministry silhouette book, AP.
The pastime of airplane spotting became popular and civilian enthusiasts were keeping detailed journals and specification sheets on countless airplanes throughout Great Britain. The Air Ministry's AP.